Agoraphobia is a disorder that causes extreme discomfort and anxiety when leaving a secure area or entering unfamiliar situations.
Since the majority of people do not know about the issue, there are a lot of agoraphobia myths and misinformation that are proclaimed to be factual. Learn details about the reality of agoraphobia.
Here are the 6 most common myths bout agoraphobia.
1. People with Agoraphobia Never Leave Home
Fact: For some people who suffer from agoraphobia having to leave the house is extremely difficult, however, this isn’t true for everyone with the condition.
Many people think of a person with agoraphobia as someone who never leaves the front door and locks the windows. At worst, a person with agoraphobia can live under these conditions. However, there are some people who only leave their homes under certain conditions.
For example, people with mild or moderate agoraphobia may find that their symptoms are most severe when they are in a crowd or queue. They may avoid events with large groups of people or supermarkets. They may request food deliveries or watch entertainment on their own television. However, they may leave the house to go to work or visit friends.
Symptoms of agoraphobia vary from person to person. It is important, therefore, not to lump all sufferers together. Treatment for agoraphobia is aimed at people who have a strong fear of a single situation and those who do not go out.
2. Agoraphobes Don’t Go Outside.
Fact: The symptoms of agoraphobia vary widely and not every person with the condition is able to avoid going outdoors.
The severity of agoraphobia can vary. When the panic disorder is combined with agoraphobia, it can make it difficult to leave the house, but this is not common. The challenges faced by people with agoraphobia vary according to the intensity of their symptoms. Many people have no problem going out or being in familiar places. For those with agoraphobia who have trouble getting out, isolation can be more intense and limiting. People with this level of agoraphobia find it difficult to function and meet their basic needs.
As with many anxiety disorders, if left untreated, agoraphobia can get worse. As the disorder worsens, the ability to avoid may become more complex and the fear of the outdoors may increase.
3. People With Agoraphobia Are Lazy.
Fact: Agoraphobia is not a personality problem, but a set of behaviors caused by intense anxiety and fear.
The stereotype that people with agoraphobia are lazy is a harmful misconception about people with the condition. Most people who criticize people with agoraphobia do not understand the seriousness of the condition. If you have never experienced panic attacks or phobias, it might seem as if people with conditions like this might be exaggerating their fears.
The most important thing to remember about mental illness is that it exists and is very real, whether you know it or not, and whether you have experienced it yourself. Labeling someone as ‘lazy’ instead of trying to understand mental health issues is, in itself, lazy. People with agoraphobia need to be cared for and understood, not condemned. It is unfair to be judged negatively for a condition over which you have no control.
In fact, people with agoraphobia often struggle with shame and guilt because their symptoms are limited. Inappropriate criticism and judgment only exacerbate the negative self-evaluation of those struggling with this difficult disorder.
4. Agoraphobia Is The Same As Introversion.
Fact: Agoraphobia and introversion are the same.
People who suffer from agoraphobia are more likely to be less successful on extroversion scales. However, agoraphobia is a diagnostic name for mental health and introversion/extroversion ratings are not. Everyone has a certain amount of introversion or extroversion, it is part of their personality style. To be a very introverted person you don’t have to have an anxiety disorder or social phobia.
Agoraphobia is not a personality trait, it is an anxiety disorder. agoraphobia and introversion lead to the same aversion to individuals, however, there is a difference is in the internal experience. An introvert may dislike crowds but feel no particular fear, while a person with agoraphobia may be extroverted and have difficulty with certain aspects that are unrelated to interacting with people. Agoraphobia can manifest itself in various ways, depending on the person.
5. Individuals With Agoraphobia Are Antisocial.
Fact: There are significant distinctions between agoraphobia and social phobia.
People with agoraphobia may feel uncomfortable in crowds or small spaces, but that doesn’t mean they dislike people or want to avoid them. Social anxiety disorder can co-exist with agoraphobia, but they are different disorders with different symptoms. People who suffer from social anxiety disorder may have difficulty interacting with other people. People with social phobia do not necessarily fear leaving their homes or going to places they cannot easily escape from.
A social phobia is a form of anxiety based on a fear of contact with others. Agoraphobia is an anxiety disorder based on the fear of leaving a safe place or being forced into a stressful situation from which there is no escape.
6. Agoraphobia Is The Same As Panic Disorder.
Fact: Panic disorder and agoraphobia aren’t the same things.
A person may have panic disorder, without agoraphobia. Agoraphobia may occur as a complication of panic disorder, or the two symptoms may occur independently. Agoraphobia was previously considered a subset of panic disorder. However, in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, it is now classified as an anxiety disorder in addition to panic disorder.
The major similarity between panic disorder and agoraphobia is the intense fear and physical symptoms that these disorders produce. Both panic disorder and agoraphobia can manifest physical symptoms such as shortness of breath, shaking, palpitations, nausea, or a sense of loss of control during an attack. For this reason, Agoraphobia was considered a form of the panic disorder until 2013, but now it is difficult to distinguish between panic disorder and agoraphobia. Agoraphobia and panic disorder can co-exist and are both treatable. Identifying the triggers and whether the symptoms are caused by one or both disorders is a good first step.
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